What Is Opium?
Opium as a drug has been widely abused in many parts of the drug. With its use in the medical care facilities as well as in the streets, quite a bit of questions have been asked as to its very nature, source, uses and effects.
Opium refers to a drug that is distilled from poppy flower juice. It is mainly used in the making of some of the most popular drugs used as painkillers. These include heroin, codeine and morphine. This milky latex liquid is gotten from opium poppy plants’ immature flowers. This juice is known to latex-like brown gum when exposed to air. However, some opium types are black.
Raw opium is typically made up into cakes, bricks and lumps. Generally, these are soft inside when they are fairly fresh. The major active chemical contained in opium is morphine, an alkaloid known to be the key source of opium’s additive and narcotic properties.
While opium may be in great demand in the medical field, there are many times when it is used for recreational purposes. This is mostly due to its euphoria inducing properties. It is however important to acknowledge that whether the drug is used as a prescription medication or for recreational purposes, there is always the possibility of becoming addicted to opium.
There are various methods to taking opium including intravenous injections, oral consumption and smoking it. When it is smoked, the drug is known to work the fastest since it chemicals would be inhaled to the lungs, quickly absorbed into the blood vessels then sent to the brain. This is unlike oral consumption where the drug would have to move to the stomach the intestines and the liver. The digestion process would actually weaken the drug prior to its absorption into the blood stream and the transported to the brain.
Consumption of opium and its derivatives may result to particular side effects with variations in their severity. This is mainly based on the quantities that an individual has been taking as well as the duration or length of time within which he or she has taken them.
Opium Abuse Side Effects
Opium Abuse Allergic Reactions
- labored or difficulty breathing
- swelling of one’s tongue, lips, face and mouth
- tightness in the chest
When an individual used opium, he or she would experience a jolt of pleasure which would be followed by prolonged periods of relaxation, relief of pain and free from anxiety. These are actually the major reasons why it is difficult to stop using the drug. However, prolonged use of opium would culminate in physical dependency as well as tolerance. Dependence implies that an individual would feel that they need to use the drug and therefore seek it compulsively. Chemical tolerance to a particular level of opium implies that an individual would need to consume more of the drug in order to get the desired effects.